Academic Urology & Urogynecology of Arizona
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The Doctors at Academic Urology & Urogynecology of Arizona The Doctors at Academic Urology & Urogynecology of Arizona
Female Urology


Female Urinary Incontinence

Female urinary incontinence is defined as the inability to control urination. More often than not it is a temporary urological problem, but for some women it can last for years. Rather than risk the embarrassment of having an accident in front of others, many women with incontinence urology problems withdrawal from social activities they once enjoyed, while others feel forced to wear maxi pads every day and diapers every night. At Academic Urology & Urogynecology of Arizona, there are a variety of treatments available that can help restore urinary continence and provide a better quality of life.

There are three main types of urinary incontinence:

  • Stress Incontinence – an involuntary leakage of urine that happens when you cough, sneeze, laugh, or get up from a seated position.
  • Urge Incontinence – when you cannot get to the bathroom in time.
  • Overflow Incontinence – when proper urine flow is disrupted, leaving the bladder constantly full.

Causes of Female Urinary Incontinence

To understand the causes of female incontinence, it is important to know how the bladder normally functions in women. The sphincter muscle (located below the bladder, surrounding the urethra) tightens to hold urine in the bladder and relaxes to allow the bladder to contract and the urethra to open for urination. Generally speaking, incontinence occurs because weakened or damaged pelvic muscles and tissue prevent the urethra from closing tightly enough to hold urine in the bladder. To effectively diagnose and treat female urinary incontinence, the urogynecologists at Academic Urology & Urogynecology of Arizona first determine the cause. Weakened or damaged pelvic muscles and tissue can be the result of pregnancy and vaginal childbirth, aging, and/or genetics. Other causes that contribute to worsening incontinence include certain medical conditions, like spinal cord problems and diabetes, infections and medications, obesity, and smoking.

Treatment for Female Urinary Incontinence

For women who want to restore their continence instead of just managing it, there are treatment options that vary in invasiveness and effectiveness. The female urinary incontinence treatment options available at Academic Urology & Urogynecology of Arizona include: drug therapy, behavior modification techniques, pelvic muscle (or Kegel) exercises, bulking injections, external ring devices, catheters, and surgical procedures such as retropublic suspension surgery and surgery to implant bone-fixated or self-fixating slings. With the right treatment, these female urological problems can be effectively treated, and often cured. The urogynecologists at Academic Urology & Urogynecology of Arizona will evaluate the severity of your incontinence and help you find the best way to stop living in isolation and start enjoying life once again, without constant interruption and with the confidence continence can bring.


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Female Vaginal Prolapse

There are many types of vaginal prolapse, each with a specific set of symptoms, and as many as 14 million women in the United States alone suffer from female vaginal and urological problems as a result of this condition. Academic Urology & Urogynecology of Arizona offers patients a variety of vaginal prolapse treatment options to help restore pelvic health.

Female Vaginal Prolapse

Conditions Treatments

Meet the Providers


Jeffrey A. Stern, MD, FACS

Aaron W. LaTowsky, MD

David J. Kaplan, MD

Chandan Kundavaram, MD

John Mai, MD

Paul M. Papoff, MD, FRCS(C)

Amy Schlaifer, MD


Jennifer Klauschie, MD

Keri Wong, MD


Loren L. Faaborg, MD, FACOG

Advanced Practice Providers:

Tyler W. Chavez, MHS, PA-C

Katie Gillies, MMS, PA-C

Madison Palmer, PA-C

Debbie Sullivan, PhD, RN, PA-C

Jamie Tumbleson, ANP

Areas of Expertise

Prostate Cancer
da Vinci Robotic Surgery
GreenLight Laser
Female Vaginal Prolapse
Erectile Dysfunction
Laparoscopic Nephrectomy

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